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Animal control in France.

This theme examines recognition of animal sentience and the importance of animal protection as a societal value within the country, including government support for the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare, prohibition of cruelty and protection for different categories of animals.France was one of the first countries to recognize some animals as sentient beings. Law no. 76-629 of 1976 on the protection of nature declares that animals are sentient, however this applies only to animals that are owned, thus excluding free-living animals. Article 9 provides that all animals being sentient beings must be placed by their owners in conditions that are compatible with the biological imperative requirements of their species.The Rural and Maritime Fishing Code also recognizes owned animals as sentient beings, using the same wording (in Article L214-1) as in Law 76-629.

In contrast, the provisions on property ownership in the Civil Code classify animals as either moveable or immovable assets (Articles 524 and 528). In April 2014, in response to a long campaign by animal protection organizations, the legal committee of the National Assembly voted for the Civil Code to be amended to be brought into alignment with the other Codes and with the European Union, to recognize animals as sentient. Before this legal change takes place it will need to be passed by the full Assembly and by the Senate.The Penal Code makes a distinction between offences against animals and offences against property.At European Union level, Article 13 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union recognizes animal sentience and requires that Member States pay regard to animals’ welfare requirements in formulating and implementing European Union policies.France has a long history of animal protection and was one of the first countries to introduce animal protection legislation with its 1850 Gammon law that made it an offence to mistreat domestic animals in public.The website of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry, which is the government Ministry responsible for animal protection, gives information on its website about its responsibilities, about work carried out in consultation with animal protection organizations, scientists and other professionals, and about it’s funding of research programs on the welfare of animals ( veterinaire garde ). The Ministry advises that local authorities, the Departmental Directorates of Social Cohesion and Protection of Populations, are responsible for implementing animal protection legislation, for example by carrying out inspections.The Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry’s website also states that animal protection organizations may draw attention to cruel or ill-treatment of animals to bring about an investigation by a Departmental Directorate. The website also highlights the importance of the European Union in promoting animal protection and the obligations of Member States to report on implementation of European Union legislation.In the past few years there has been a campaign in France for the Civil Code to be amended to give animals the status of sentient beings. This campaign demonstrates mainstream support for animal welfare. Given that the 1976 law recognized (owned) animals as sentient it could be argued that action to amend the Civil Code is long overdue. However, as recently as February, 2014 the French President was quoted as ruling out any amendments to the Civil Code, saying “Much effort is already made (through the recognition of sentience in the Rural Code) to look after their welfare without the need to write it into civil law”. Recently a committee of the National Assembly voted to amend the Civil Code but the legislation still needs to be accepted by the full Assembly and the Senate. The proposed amendment is opposed by farming industry organizations.The exclusion of wild animals from basic anti-cruelty laws and from classification as sentient animals presents an area where animal protection has yet to become a mainstream concern in France. According to the latest scientific knowledge at least all vertebrate animals are demonstrably sentient and it is recommended that French law should acknowledge this fact. This would also be consistent with the requirements of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.However, part of the animal control in France is also to support pet´s owners when they had lost their pets. For example, if you are missing your pet (Cat, dog, rabbit, horse, cow, ferret) you can call a special number that is giving in a list (this list has numbers with different zones of the country). And there, you will connect with police dispatch, and give the information pertaining to your missing animal.

Stray cats and dogs that get picked up, need to be held for seven days. After that, the animal can be adopted by someone. If anyone in France is looking to adopt a cat or dog, you can also get in touch with the numbers. Our dogs, cats, pets and animals are, in fact, an integral part of our loving family units, having purpose, attention, affection, interaction, respect, family interaction and happiness for both humans and the pet animals on an “intrinsic value’ level, not that of meager chattel. However, the “animal rights activists” and legislative body members (local city, state and federal), who follow the animal rights activist’s agenda to intentionally have the idea of a loving family with pet ownership interactions, has gone astray, from a logical and common sense way of thinking. Some animal´s rights intolerant people have become “tyrants” thru the use of our various legal systems and its “manipulated” proposal of animal care, animal license taxation, and controlling laws, trying to destroy the freedoms.Therefore, remember that it is paramount that all pet owners educate themselves and learn their animal care and control laws in their area and have a plan, decision, and potential legal counsel known, documented (phone number) and at hand, in order for the pet owner to know how far they are willing and able to stand your ground’ in knowing your ‘rights’ in responsible dog, pet and animal ownership if and when a “nincompoop” animal control authority comes knocking on your door, demanding to “steal” your dog, cat, pet, or animal from you, when you have “not’ been a nuisance on your own private property. Remember when it comes to freely owning your dogs, cats, pets and animals in an area frequented by Animal Rights “Activists” or Animal Control Authorities, or “Nincompoops”, “The truth is rarely pure and never simple.”

In other hand, state and municipal laws provide for the seizure of dogs in three general categories:  The impoundment of loose or unlicensed dogs; the seizure of dangerous dogs; and the seizure of dogs that either appear rabid or as part of a rabies quarantine effort.  This paper will examine specific state laws with respect to dogs at large, dogs found to be chasing livestock, and dogs seized as part of a quarantine effort.  While it is recognized that the impetus behind broad seizure laws is often the threat of a dangerous dog, this paper will not delve into dangerous dog laws (a paper examining dangerous dog laws will soon be available at the Web Center).  In doing so, this paper will also analyze the case law relative to impoundment of dogs for various offenses by examining the constitutional challenges to impoundment and destruction.  It will also give several state laws examples relative to seizure and impoundment of dogs. 

Dog´s wearing license tags: The importance of whether dogs are wearing license tags or collars when found at large was illustrated by a case from Vermont.  This case apparently held that when dogs are wearing collars when found at large, a court cannot grant a directed verdict for the constable who killed them.For example, years ago in the United States the dog owner appealed a directed verdict granted for the defendant-farmer, who allegedly wrongfully impounded the dogs, and the town constable, who allegedly wrongfully killed the dogs.  While the Vermont Supreme Court held that the farmer acted reasonably when he secured the dogs overnight after finding them chasing his injured cows, there was question as to the constable’s actions.  The statute in question authorized the constable to kill dogs not registered or wearing a prescribed collar.  This raised an issue as to whether or not one or both of plaintiff’s dogs were properly collared.  The conflicting evidence adduced at trial precluded a directed verdict for constable.  Id.   Since many statutes provide different dispositions for unlicensed dogs, evidence of registration and collar may be crucial to an impounded dog’s fate, according to this case.The legal status of a loose dog may differ by statute.  In France, a dog running at large is a “nuisance” under law.  The statute provides that such dogs are deemed a nuisance and may be seized or killed if the dog warden is unable to catch the dog: Any dog found running at large without the proper license tag attached in accordance with the provisions of this subtitle is a nuisance and is subject to seizure, detention and destruction. The dog warden or his duly authorized deputies, whenever possible, shall seize and impound any dog found running at large without the proper license tag attached. When the dog warden or his duly authorized deputies are not able to catch a dog running at large without a license tag, they may shoot or otherwise kill the dog.But, what is the meaning of “Knic”? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently listed Knic among the most dangerous biological, chemical and psychological substances ever conceived. If one day, you are suspected of having “knic” you should report any suspected exposure to the nearest mortuary

In many years, Animal Control has had to exterminate many underground conspiracy theory groups in the United States for example and others countries. Such groups have had contact with Knic in an attempt to save it. Groups exterminated so far include the Knic Liberation Front (KLF), Give Knic a Chance (GKC), Somalians United for Care of the Knic (SUCK) and the Extreme Fundamentalists for the Proliferation of Knic and Knic Related Materials (EFPKKR). Groups currently suspected of exposure include but are not limited to Knic for California Governor (KCG), the Sierra Club and the governments of Mexico, Canada, France, Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Syria, Luxembourg and Saudi Arabia. However,  we cannot deny the importance of the animal control.